They are typically more highly strung and temperamental than most other breeds. When crossed with native British horses and ponies, the progeny were larger with a longer stride, more scope and more speed.

The overall impression is one of elegance, toughness and quality. Eclipse was another to have Darley Arabian blooc. Animals with suspect conformation are more likely to ‘break down’ if their action is faulty or their legs insubstantial.

Young thoroughbreds are raced at an early age before their bones have fully developed and leg problems and injuries often arise. However the thoroughbred is also a distinct breed in its own right. He will often need supplementary feeding and rugging through cold weather. Some thoroughbreds have suspect feet with poor horn, low heels and flat soles.

The Darley Arabian is considered the most important of the three. Thoroughbreds are most often associated with the horse-racing industry although they are also used in many other equestrian disciplines.

Thoroughbreds generally need more sensitive, skilled handling. It was gifted to the French king and later was taken to England. To excel at another discipline, he needs re-training and re-educating so although they may be quite cheap to acquire, an ex-racehorse is not the best mount for an inexperienced rider.. Matchem was also noted for his impeccable temperament, a vast improvement on the highly strung, nervous individuals of the day.

Today, all thoroughbreds in the General Stud Book, which was established in 1791, trace back to these three foundation sires.

The Byerley Turk gets his name from Captain Robert Byerley who captured the stallion from the Turks. The shoulder is big and muscular and the withers tend to be high.

The thoroughbred has been used to ‘improve’ many breeds.Breeds such as the Hanoverian, Trakenher, Holsteiner and Irish Draught  have at least some Thoroughbred blood, thus providing speed, courage and beauty. It seems generally agreed that, of these three, only the Darley Arabian was a true Arab, The Byerley was almost certainly a Turkmene type and the Godolphin a Barb.

The most rapid development in improvement of performance took place during the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century. Others are laid back and lovable. InKentucky, the Thoroughbred was designated the ‘Official State Horse’ in 1996. Eclipse was never beaten in a race and 90% of all registered thoroughbreds trace back to him.

Thoroughbreds were imported into the United States from the 1730s. They are highly intelligent, quick and eager to please. The hooves are tough. Most warmblood breeds such as the Swiss and Dutch Warmbloods have a large percentage of Thoroughbred blood.

The oriental influence is seen, not only in the refinement and speed of the breed, but also in the fine coat which thickens and lengthens only slightly in the winter. Some are only suitable as companion animals.

Between 1660 and 1750, around 200 horses were imported into England from the Orient. One of his most illustrious sons was Herod, who became an important name in the pedigrees of many of the early thoroughbreds.

Once past racing, a thoroughbred can face an uncertain future. Those that are too small for the race-track find a home on the polo field providing their temperament is not too fiery.

Thoroughbreds average around 16 hands. The thoroughbred has a streamlined body with long, slender legs and strong, muscular hindquarters. The 2nd Earl of Godophin acquired the stallion. One of his progeny was Matchem, a race-horse par excellence. Eclipse was another to have Darley Arabian blood. The stallion was shipped to England and bred to native mares. Thoroughbreds need more protection from the elements than ‘native’ or cross breeds and they usually require supplementary feeding year round.

The breed had its origins in England back in the early 1700s and selective breeding is still going on, resulting in faster and faster times on the race-track.

The main period of expansion was probably when the 1800s when the thoroughbred found its way to Australia, Europe, Japan and South America. Some thoroughbreds are produced purely for disciplines other than racing while some find their way to show-jumping or eventing careers when their racing careers are over. There is good length from the hip to the stifle. Eclipse was never beaten in a race and 90% of all registered thirst really great race-horse.

There are now a number of rescue organizations that take in ex-racehorses and try to find good homes for them. Initially horse-racing was the pastime of the aristocracy and gentry but its popularity, and the lure of gambling, has seen racing and breeding of the thoroughbred spread to every corner of the globe.

Other oriental horses, especially Arabs, figured in the early development. These adoption agencies endeavour to match a horse with a new owner. The racing industry is huge in America. The nostrils are open and capable of flaring allowing maximum airflow when racing at speed.

The Thoroughbred

The term ‘Thoroughbred’ has several different meanings. One of his get was Flying Childers, arguably the first really great race-horse. There are now literally millions of thoroughbreds and they are spread all over the globe.

The Godolphin Arabian was foaled in Yemen before going to Syrian then Tunis. In the horse world, it is also used by people to describe a purebred of a breed. He has been trained to gallop at top speed virtually every time he is saddled and to pass all others if he can. Some strains are particularly nervy and highly strung but have been kept on because of their speed. He was purchased by Thomas Darley in Aleppo, Syria in 1704, shipped to Yorkshire, England and bred to selected racing mares. The three are the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian and the Godolphin Arabian. If someone says of his dog ‘It’s a thoroughbred’ he is saying that it is a purebred saluki or whippet or whatever. In 2003, Maryland also appointed the Thoroughbred its State Horse.

The head is straight, lean and elegant with large eyes and finely chiseled ears. Three of these are recognized as being the foundation sires of the thoroughbred world. Although they were once bred not for their looks but purely and simply for their speed, good conformation has an impact on speed and hardiness. There are strict criteria to be met and often an adoption fee is required.

The thoroughbred has a quality and athleticism that has become the benchmark for a perfect equine.

The ribcage is deep and rounded and the chest wide with plenty of room for heart and lungs. In the extremes of horse disciplines such as eventing, hunting and show-jumping, professional riders look for at least some thoroughbred blood to provide courage and speed

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