Crustacean Invasion! Millions of Red Crabs Move Onto Christmas Island

Christmas Island National Park Chief Ranger Rob Muller snapped these photos early Thursday morning.

Credit: Parks Australia

Credit: Parks Australia

“Yesterday morning at 4.00 am we headed up north to see what was happening – but there were very few crabs spawning. Credit: Di Masters

But to the locals who live there, coming across a sea of red crabs heading for the coast at the end of November is nothing out of the ordinary.

According to the Australian National Parks department’s latest surveys, around 45 million red crabs, made up of 14 different species, live on the tiny island, located roughly 500 miles off the coast of Indonesia.

Each year, adult red crabs, which can also look orange or, rarely, purple in color, migrate from the island’s lush forests to the Indian Ocean for breeding.

To follow the current status of the migration, visit Australia’s National Parks blog HERE.

Locals and national park staff build culverts to help the red crabs migrate, and will clear crab-filled roads with rakes to avoid running them over with cars or bikes.

Millions upon millions of red crabs on Australia’s Christmas Island are shutting down roads, covering beaches and stopping people in their tracks.

The National Parks department said the crabs’ breeding timetable is fixed around the phases of the moon. Spawning typically occurs in November and December, but has been known to happen during the last lunar quarter in October.

Baby crabs in hand. Yesterday afternoon locals reported a number of crabs lining up on the cliffs and early this morning we were delighted to find a good number of females depositing their eggs,” Muller said in an email to ABCNews.com.

Photo of a previous migration. If the rains stop or weaken, the crabs will delay their migration.

Credit: Parks Australia

. Credit: Justin Gilligan

Credit: Linda Cash

The annual migration, which is a big tourist attraction for the island, will only occur if conditions are right during the region’s wet season, according to Australia’s National Parks department

Home Remedies for Leg Cramps

The answer surely would be an agonizing pain in the legs, most of the time during the middle of the night. However, both young and old people can experience this problem. Leg cramps most commonly occur in the calf muscles, but it can also occur at the hamstring, quadriceps and feet. Moreover, some kind of nerve disorders can also give rise to leg cramps.

To know what exactly leg cramps feel like, ask a person who has experienced them. However, before we look at the treatment measures, let us look at the causes that stimulate leg cramps in human beings.. One’s diet should include green leafy vegetables, eggs, milk, fish, cheese, nuts and fresh fruits to diminish the occurrence of leg cramps.

To decrease the intensity of pain during and post a leg cramp, make sure to hold your leg as still as possible. The main reason for occurrence of leg cramps is contraction of the muscles in that area.

Leg cramps, which are also called muscle cramps are most commonly seen in old people. However, lesser the movement you make, shorter is the duration of leg cramps.

Sometimes the use of a wrong kind of footwear like high heels can also give rise to leg cramps. Applying ice pack on the affected area would also be helpful in reducing the pain caused by leg cramps.

If an individual is experiencing leg cramps very often, it would be beneficial to have a check up done by a medical practitioner. Before one starts exercising at the gym, do not forget to do warm up and stretching exercises too. Buy a new pair of flat shoes or sandals and check whether there is any difference. Another method would be to do certain stretching exercises which would help in relieving the pain. Drinking lots of fluids (water and fruit juices) would keep one hydrated and safe from muscle cramps.

Along with exercises, it is also necessary to bring a change in one’s diet and food habits. One of the most common causes of leg cramps is a person’s sleeping position. Rubbing will generate heat and would help in relaxing the contracted muscles. It has been observed that people who have done stretching exercises regularly find relief from leg cramps in 3 – 4 weeks time. It is also very common in athletic people, pregnant woman and alcoholics. Though the pain does not stay for a long time, a feeling of tenderness would linger around for the whole day. Another reason for muscle cramps is said to be imbalance of electrolytes found in the body. Dehydration is also said to be one of the main causes of muscle cramps. Besides, people who experience frequent muscle cramps, have to learn about their remedy that would help in stopping the occurrence of the pain forever. People who experience leg cramps may be found with calcium, sodium, potassium or magnesium deficiencies. Follow these remedies regularly and you would surely experience freedom from the unbearable pain that accompanies muscle cramps.

Causes

Remedies

The reason for people to experience leg cramps cannot be limited to just one factor. When a person experiences leg cramps, he or she would feel sudden muscle spasms on that part of the leg for a few minutes. If an electrolyte deficiency is seen in the person, the physician would recommend the patient to consume sodium, magnesium, calcium or potassium supplements. Most of the time, we sleep by tucking the blanket tightly underneath causing the feet to bend downwards, leading to severe leg cramps. Rather, there are many reasons that can lead to muscle cramps. A laboratory test would help in determining the root cause of the problem. Taking a hot shower before retiring to bed is also a part of treatment of leg cramps.

Doing stretching exercises twice everyday would also be beneficial. Sometimes, people have experienced leg cramps while doing vigorous activities or exercises. There are also some other measures that have to be taken by the person as a part of leg cramps remedies.

Drinking a glass of warm milk or hot water before going to bed would decrease the chances of leg cramps at night. If you have a leg cramp in the middle of the night or at the gym while exercising, the method to relieve the pain immediately would be to massage the part of the leg where the pain has arisen. It might be difficult to avoid movement when you are in agony

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